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The Alipore Zoological Gardens (also informally called the Alipore Zoo or Calcutta Zoo is the India's oldest Zoological Park, and an  important tourist  destination of   Kolkata.  In 1842, Dr. John McCleland the Curator,  Bengal Asiatic Society's Museum formulated a plan for establishment of Zoological Garden in Calcutta.  But the said plan did not attract any notice at that time.


Dr. Joseph Bart Fayrer, the then President of Asiatic Society of Bengal formulated another plan in 1867 for establishment of a zoo.The plan had immense impact on the public.  But due to non-availability of suitable site, the said plan could not be materialized.


In 1873, Carl Louis Schwendier, Postmaster to the Government of India submitted a suitable plan for establishing a zoological garden.  Due to non-availability of suitable site, the said plan was kept in abeyance.


Finally, in 1875, the then Lt. Governor of Bengal, Sir Richard Temple constituted a Committee to find out a suitable site for establishing a zoological garden.  The said Committee chose the land on each side of the Alipore Road leading from Zerrut Bridge to Belvedere. 


The site was approved by the Lt. Governor of Bengal on 24th September, 1875.


A sum of Rs.5,000/- was sanctioned for the immediate purpose of laying out only a part of the grounds on the Western side of the Belvedere Road and erecting only a few cheap and temporary structures for the reception of animals.  Mr. Schwendier readily donated His fine collection of specimens and by December, 1875 a sizeable menagerie was established with the spontaneous contributions from a number of donors. 


The first Committed of Management was set up under a Government resolution of December 9, 1875 and the Managing Committee comprising of five members met for the first time on 10th December, 1875.


The Managing Committee then settled the rates of admission fees and threw open Gate of the Zoological Garden, Alipore on the 1st of May, 1876.


The history of the Zoological Garden, Alipore would be incomplete without paying tribute to  Rai Bahadur Ram Brahma Sanyal who was the first Superintendent of the Zoological Garden, Alipore.  After inception of the Zoological Garden, Alipore the then Managing    Committee  of the zoo   wanted to engage a suitable  candidate as the Superintendent of the zoo, Dr. George King, Professor of Botany of the Medical College of Calcutta and of the Managing Committee of the zoo, engaged Ram Brahma Sanyal  who was a medical student and was unable to continue his studies due to problems  with his eyesight, as an ordinary worker in the year, 1876.  Sanyal worked hard and in a few months he was promoted and given more responsibilities including nutrition and medical care of the growing number of animals.  Pursuant to the recommendation of the Managing Committee of the Zoological Garden, Alipore, Shri Ram Brahma Sanyal started to work as the acting Superintendent of the zoo from Alipore, 1878.  Finally, he was appointed as the Superintendent of the Zoological Garden, Alipore in April, 1880.


Ram Brahma Sanyal used to record all his observations in respect of the housing, feeding, reproductive  behaviour and treatment of captive wild animals in the daily registers of the Zoological Garden, Alipore.  All these observations encouraged him to write the book, "A Handbook Of The Management of Wild Animals In Captivity In Lower Bengal". The book was the first of its kind and was published in the year 1892.


Zoological Garden, Alipore may be considered as a Heritage Zoo.  Since formation of West Bengal Zoo Authority several actions have been taken for upliftment the face of Zoo through renovation and construction of enclosures and night shelters of animals for scientific management and ex-situ conservation of Wildlife.


At present, Zoological Garden, Alipore has 162nos. Mammals, 744 nos. Birds, 86 nos. Reptiles.  Zoological Garden, Alipore opens from 9-30 am to 5-00 pm and remain closed every Thursday for maintenance.   Average annual footfall of Zoological Garden, Alipore is about 26 lakhs.

At a Glance
1. Name of the Zoo Zoological Garden, Alipore, Kolkata (West Bengal)
2. Category of the Zoo Large
3. Zoo Location Alipore, Kolkata
4. Area of the Zoo 20.4 hectare
5. Year of Establishment 1875
6. Objective

I   Conservation education and awareness. 

II  Research on Conservation of wild animals in captivity  

7. Theme of display  I  Broad taxonomic display of selected wild animal

    species in the existing zoo.

II  Modules theme park as satellite facility at  Bhagbanpur

8. No. of Visitors (annually) approx. More than 28.00 lakhs per year
9. Animal Collection Plan I  Selected representative wild animal species of India

    and few exotics at the existing site.

II  Theme based modular collections (3-4 modules) at the satellite facility at Bhagbanpur  
10. Manpower

I    Director                                              -  1 No.

II   Deputy Director or Curator Animals  -  1 No.

III  Veterinary Officers                            -  2 Nos.

IV  Biologist (Asstt. Director)                   -  1 No.

V   Education Officer                               -  1 No.

VI  Support staff as per needs


11. In-charge



Zoological Garden, Alipore, Kolkata - 700027, West Bengal

   State  West Bengal
  Telephone No. 033-24791150 &  24399391
  Fax 033-24791150 &  24399391
  E-mail Id
12. Controlling Authority The Secretary
  Address Department of Forests, Government of West Bengal, Writers' Building, Kolkata, West Bengal
  Telephone No. 033-22145704
  Fax 033-22144063
  E-mail Id  
13. Remarks One of the oldest Zoos in the country still operating from the same site.  Breeding programme for Manipur deer & Bhutan grey peacock pheasants
Mammals Birds Reptiles
Zoo Visitors


APRIL 105793 8980 114773
MAY 114379 9641 124020
JUNE 165885 16552 182437
JULY 142160 8655 150815
AUGUST 138754 8391 147145
SEPTEMBER 114104 8513 122617
OCTOBER 225712 20911 246623

During the financial year 2017-18 a total of 13 different animals are adopted by different individuals and organisations and a total of Rs. 11,75,000.00 have been received by the Zoological Garden, Alipore. The details of which are provided below:-

Party Name






Debasis Paul



74,Tollygunge Circular Road, Kolkata-700053



14.06.17 to 13.06.18

Pyaridevi Chabiraj Steels pvt. Ltd.


peafowl (male)

Jaya Bibi Road 38&39/27 , Ghusuri, Howrah 711107



27.10.2017 to 26.10.2018

Abhijit Bannerjee-Sloth Bear


Bear(F) Pritha




10.11.2017 to 09.11.2018

S. U. Rahaman


Tiger-3 Nos, Lion-2(nos),

Leopard -1

72, Connaught Road



10.01.18 to



Lion-  2 Nos.

Sutton ,Surrey






Leopard -1 No

London-SMI 3PQ




Delhi Public School



254, Shantipally, R B Connector, E M Bypass Kol-107



17.03.18  to 16.03.19

Total Amount










Zoological Garden,Alipore,Kolkata - 700027  West Bengal

Telephone No. 033-24791150 &  24399391
E-mail Id